- What are the four IM injection sites?
- Which part of the body are intramuscular injections most commonly given at?
- What happens if you accidentally inject air into muscle?
- What happens if you give an IM injection wrong?
- Can intramuscular injections cause nerve damage?
- Which drugs are given intramuscularly?
- Why are intramuscular injections given at a 90 degree angle?
- Do you pinch skin for IM injection?
- What is Z track technique?
- At what angle should intramuscular injections be given?
- What happens if you hit a blood vessel while injecting?
- How do you give an intramuscular injection without pain?
- What is the correct needle size for IM injection?
- Which is the most common site for intramuscular injections in infants?
- What if intramuscular injection hits a nerve?
- How do you know if you hit a nerve?
- Why do intramuscular shots hurt?
What are the four IM injection sites?
Where should an intramuscular (IM) injection be given.
Nurses learn there are four possible sites: the arm (deltoid); thigh (vastus lateralis); upper outer posterior buttock (gluteus maximus), also referred to as the dorsogluteal site; and the lateral hip (gluteus medius), also called the ventrogluteal site..
Which part of the body are intramuscular injections most commonly given at?
The deltoid muscle is the most common site for vaccines. This muscle is in the upper arm near the shoulder.
What happens if you accidentally inject air into muscle?
Injecting a small air bubble into the skin or a muscle is usually harmless. But it might mean you aren’t getting the full dose of medicine, because the air takes up space in the syringe.
What happens if you give an IM injection wrong?
“A vaccine is an immunologically sensitive substance, and if you were to receive an injection too high – in the wrong place – you could get pain, swelling and reduced range of motion in that area,” says Tom Shimabukuro, deputy director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s immunization safety office.
Can intramuscular injections cause nerve damage?
Nerve injury is a common complication following intramuscular injection and the sciatic nerve is the most frequently affected nerve, especially in children, the elderly and underweight patients.
Which drugs are given intramuscularly?
Drugs may be given intramuscularly both for prophylactic as well as curative purposes, and the most common medications include:Antibiotics- penicillin G benzathine penicillin, streptomycin.Biologicals- immunoglobins, vaccines, and toxoids.Hormonal agents- testosterone, medroxyprogesterone.
Why are intramuscular injections given at a 90 degree angle?
Why should an intramuscular injection be given at a 90 degree angle? … b) Because the IM route allows a relatively quick uptake of the drug.
Do you pinch skin for IM injection?
Insert needle at an 45o angle to the skin. Pinch up on SQ tissue to prevent injecting into muscle.
What is Z track technique?
The Z-track method is a type of IM injection technique used to prevent tracking (leakage) of the medication into the subcutaneous tissue (underneath the skin). During the procedure, skin and tissue are pulled and held firmly while a long needle is inserted into the muscle.
At what angle should intramuscular injections be given?
An IM injection is given at a 72- to 90-degree angle. A subcutaneous injection is usually given at a 45-degree angle, but may be given at up to a 90-degree angle, if a short needle is used or if the person is heavy.
What happens if you hit a blood vessel while injecting?
When a blood vessel breaks, scar tissue or blood clots can form and if a blood clot starts to wander and reaches the heart or lungs, the consequences can be life-threatening. Injections that hit an artery can be particularly dangerous.
How do you give an intramuscular injection without pain?
A subcutaneous (SC) or intramuscular (IM) injection is almost always painless if the skin is stretched firmly before inserting the needle. If injecting the arm, for example, the third, fourth and fifth fingers should go medial to the arm while the thumb and index finger stretch the skin on the lateral surface (Fig.
What is the correct needle size for IM injection?
Table. Recommended needle size, length and angle for administering vaccinesAge or size of person to be vaccinatedNeedle typeInfant, child or adult for intramuscular vaccines22–25 gauge, 25 mm longPreterm infant (<37 weeks gestation) up to 2 months of age, andor very small infant23–25 gauge, 16 mm long2 more rows•jun 5, 2018
Which is the most common site for intramuscular injections in infants?
thighThe anterolateral thigh is the preferred site for IM injection in infants under 12 months of age. Medications are injected into the bulkiest part of the vastus lateralis thigh muscle, which is the junction of the upper and middle thirds of this muscle.
What if intramuscular injection hits a nerve?
Injections that occur below the deltoid muscle can hit the radial nerve and injections that are too far to the side of the deltoid muscle can hit the axillary nerve. If a nerve is hit, the patient will feel an immediate burning pain, which can result in paralysis or neuropathy that does not always resolve.
How do you know if you hit a nerve?
Common symptoms of nerve injury include: Loss of sensation in the upper arm, forearm, and/or hand. Each nerve supplies different areas of sensation in the upper extremity. The pattern of numbness can help guide the surgeon to the specific injured nerve(s).
Why do intramuscular shots hurt?
If you have ever received a vaccination, you know your arm may feel a bit sore for a few days after the fact. The pain you are experiencing is usually soreness of the muscle where the injection was given. This pain is also a sign that your immune system is making antibodies in response to the viruses in the vaccine.