Question: What Is The Number One Cause Of Bladder Cancer?

Where does bladder cancer spread first?

Bladder cancer can spread this way.

If it does, it usually first spreads to the lymph nodes in the pelvis, surrounding the bladder (called perivesicular lymph nodes).

From there, it can spread to lymph nodes that are close to major blood vessels that run into the leg and pelvis..

Is bladder cancer an aggressive cancer?

This is always a high-grade cancer (see “Grades,” below) and is considered an aggressive disease because it can often lead to muscle-invasive disease. Stage I: The cancer has grown through the inner lining of the bladder and into the lamina propria.

Does bladder cancer spread quickly?

High grade bladder cancer is likely to grow and spread quickly and become life threatening. High-grade cancers often need to be treated with chemotherapy, radiation or surgery. Low-grade cancers appear non-aggressive and have a low chance of becoming high grade.

Is bladder cancer a death sentence?

The general 5-year survival rate for people with bladder cancer is 77%. The overall 10-year survival rate is 70% and the overall 15-year survival rate is 65%. However, survival rates depend on many factors, including the type and stage of bladder cancer that is diagnosed.

What are the symptoms of late stage bladder cancer?

What to expecttiredness or weakness.pain when urinating.difficulty urinating or inability to urinate.pain in the lower back on one side of the body.weight loss.swollen feet.bone pain.

What are the symptoms of stage 1 bladder cancer?

What are the symptoms of bladder cancer?blood in the urine.painful urination.frequent urination.urgent urination.urinary incontinence.pain in the abdominal area.pain in the lower back.

Is a tumor in the bladder always cancer?

Tumors can be either benign (not malignant or cancerous) or cancerous (malignant, out-of-control cell growth). Bladder cancer or bladder tumors are relatively common in the United States, and most bladder tumors are cancerous.

Does bladder cancer cause you to lose weight?

Weight loss is a common symptom of many types of cancer, including bladder cancer.

What chemicals can cause bladder cancer?

Chemicals called aromatic amines, such as benzidine and beta-naphthylamine, which are sometimes used in the dye industry, can cause bladder cancer.

Is there pain with bladder cancer?

Early-stage bladder cancer doesn’t usually cause pain or other symptoms besides bleeding. But blood in the urine doesn’t always mean there is a tumor in the bladder. It’s more likely to be caused by a less serious condition, such as an infection. Changes in urination may be another early sign of bladder cancer.

Does bladder cancer show up in blood work?

Tests to diagnose bladder cancer If bladder cancer is suspected, these tests may be performed to diagnose the disease: Physical exam. Blood test: Blood samples are used to measure certain substances released into the blood by organs and tissues in the body.

How long can you live with stage 1 bladder cancer?

Stage 1. Around 80 out of 100 people (around 80%) survive their cancer for 5 years or more after they are diagnosed. Stage 1 means that the cancer has started to grow into the connective tissue beneath the bladder lining.

What is the main cause of bladder cancer?

Smoking. Smoking is the single biggest risk factor for bladder cancer. This is because tobacco contains cancer-causing (carcinogenic) chemicals. If you smoke for many years, these chemicals pass into your bloodstream and are filtered by the kidneys into your urine.

Can bladder cancer symptoms come on suddenly?

This is the most common symptom of bladder cancer. It can happen suddenly and may come and go. Your pee (urine) may look pink, red or sometimes brown. You may see streaks or clots of blood in it.

Can bladder cancer be detected with a urine test?

Urinalysis can help find some bladder cancers early, but it has not been shown to be useful as a routine screening test. Urine cytology: In this test, a microscope is used to look for cancer cells in urine. Urine cytology does find some cancers, but it’s not reliable enough to make a good screening test.

Can bladder cancer go undetected for years?

Even after reporting the problem to their doctors, blood in the urine may be initially misdiagnosed as a symptom of post-menopausal bleeding, simple cystitis or as a urinary tract infection. As a result, a bladder cancer diagnosis can be overlooked for a year or more.

What is the best treatment for bladder cancer?

Chemotherapy followed by radical cystectomy (removal of the bladder and nearby lymph nodes) is then the standard treatment. Partial cystectomy is rarely an option for stage III cancers. Chemotherapy (chemo) before surgery (with or without radiation) can shrink the tumor, which may make surgery easier.

Does removing the bladder cure bladder cancer?

Removing part of the bladder is not a common operation for bladder cancer. It is usually used to treat the very rare type of cancer called adenocarcinoma of the bladder. After having a partial cystectomy, you can pass urine in the normal way.

Who is at high risk for bladder cancer?

Bladder cancer risk increases as you age. Though it can occur at any age, most people diagnosed with bladder cancer are older than 55. Being male. Men are more likely to develop bladder cancer than women are.

How do you rule out bladder cancer?

Tests and procedures used to diagnose bladder cancer may include:Using a scope to examine the inside of your bladder (cystoscopy). … Removing a sample of tissue for testing (biopsy). … Examining a urine sample (urine cytology). … Imaging tests.

What are the warning signs of bladder cancer?

Bladder Cancer: Symptoms and SignsBlood or blood clots in the urine.Pain or burning sensation during urination.Frequent urination.Feeling the need to urinate many times throughout the night.Feeling the need to urinate, but not being able to pass urine.Lower back pain on 1 side of the body.